Firms: A

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Heating engineers and contractors.

Contractor based in Doylestown, PA. They submitted an estimate for the Fischer House and Studio but the contract went to Roy Large.

Manufacturer of well pumps.

A. J. Maxymillian, Inc.

Manufacturers of wrought iron for radiant heating installations.

Lumber supplier. They provided an estimate for cypress siding for the Aluminum City Terrace defense housing project.

Millwork subcontractor fro the guest cottage at the Fischer House.

Manufacturer of screens and doors for the Clark House.

They suggested a design for wood, double-hung windows for the Aluminum City Terrace defense housing project.

Supplier of lighting fixtures for the Eastern Air Lines ticket office in the Boston Statler Hotel.

Supplier of commemorative plaques for the Grosse Pointe Public Library.


New York department store. The company was founded in 1865 in Brooklyn and was originally known as Wechsler and Abraham, after founders Joseph Wechsler and Abraham Abraham. The name was changed to Abraham and Straus in 1893 when the company acquired new partners, Isidor and Nathan Straus, who controlled R. H. Macy and Co. In September of 1950, Abraham and Straus hired Breuer as the...

Real estate company that helped Breuer to look for properties suitable for a speculative apartment building in Manhattan.

Public relations firm. They handled the press related to Breuer's obituary.

British Town Planning Consultants and Architects.

Supplier of home furnishings. Adelman's provided fireplace screens and equipment for the Grosse Pointe Public Library.

Published by Erving,Buskirk & Ericksen. Gropius and Breuer hoped to publish their work in this magazine in 1938.

Photography agency. They photographed the UNESCO headquarters complex during construction.

Publication of the American Institute of Architects, the national professional organization for architects.

Manufacturer of louvers used in ventilation systems.

Aircraft manufacturer. They also studied the possibility of entering the field of pre-fabricated building after the end of World War II.

Swedish manufacturer of modern furniture. Breuer thought they had illegally copied his design for plywood nesting tables.

Contractor for the Grosse Pointe Public Library.


The Pittsburgh Reduction Company was founded in 1888. It changed its name to the Aluminum Company of America in 1907, and the name was officially shortened to ALCOA in 1999. ALCOA is one of the world's largest producers of aluminum and aluminum products. Aluminum City Terrace, the defense housing project designed by Gropius and Breuer in 1941, was originally intended to house workers from ALCOA aluminum...

Herman supplied the vitrines, built-in components and frames for the Deutsche Werkbund section of the 1930 Paris exhibition organized by the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs.

Contractor. They hoped to bid on the Marshad House.

Real estate company that handled the purchase options for Breuer's Duplex-Apartment Complex in Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Breuer planned to build veterans' housing on the site, but the project foundered due to the Federal Housing Administration's objections to features of the design and the difficulty of raising the necessary private equity.

Swiss architectural firm. The partners, Alfred and Emil, were cousins, both of whom were deeply involved in the modern movement. Sigfried Giedion first offered the commission for the Doldertal Apartment Buildings to the Roths, but later asked Breuer to review the designs. In 1933, a collaborative agreement was arranged among the three architects, who shared credit for the design.

This office of the British government processed Breuer's request to immigrate to London in the early 1930s.

German manufacturer of electronics and electrical equipment founded in 1883 by Emil Rathenau as the Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft für Angewandte Electricität. In 1887 the company was renamed the Allgemeine Elektricitäts Gesellschaft (AEG). AEG installed Germany’s first electric power system and built electric trolley systems across Germany in the years prior to 1900. Gropius and Moholy-Nagy asked AEG to contribute lighting and appliances for the Deutsche...


Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation was formed in 1920 by the merger of five industrial concerns: Barrett Chemical Company, General Chemical Company, National Aniline and Chemical Company, Semet-Solvay Company and the affiliated Solvay Process Company. It was renamed the Allied Chemical Corporation in 1958. The Barrett Division manufactured coal tar chemicals and roofing materials and donated roofing paper, felt and pitch for the House in the...

Department store based in Salem, MA. In 1944, Almy, Bigelow and Washburn asked Breuer to produce preliminary designs for a new department store to replace their existing store. The high construction estimate convinced the store to remodel their existing building.

Furniture supplier. Altamira provided furnishings for the first Gagarin House.


Spanish aluminum manufacturer. Aluminio Español hoped to purchase Breuer's aluminum furniture for sale in Spain.

British manufacturer of welded vessels for the brewery and vegetable oil trades. The Aluminium Plant and Vessel Co. Ltd. was founded by Dr. Richard Seligman in 1910. In the mid-1930s, Breuer unsuccessfully approached the company about manufacturing his aluminum furniture.

British aluminum manufacturer. Breuer hoped Aluminium Works would be interested in manufacturing his aluminum chairs.

Aluminum manufacturer based in Vienna. They hoped to acquire the rights to manufacture Breuer's aluminum furniture in Austria.

German aluminum manufacturer that provided aluminum wall coverings for the Deutsche Werkbund section of the 1930 Paris exhibition organized by the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs.

Swiss aluminum manufacturer.

Colombian architects. In 1947, Ortega and Solano invited Breuer to serve as a consultant on urbanism for the city of Bogotá.

Home furnishings store in Washington, DC. that carried modern furniture and hoped to sell Breuer's Isokon furniture.

The American Academy in Rome is a leading American overseas center for independent studies and advanced research in the fine arts and humanities. It began as a collaborative effort in 1893 at the World's Columbian Exhibition when a small group, including architects Charles Follen McKim and Daniel Burnham, painters John LaFarge and Francis Millet, and sculptors Augustus Saint-Gaudens and Daniel Chester French, resolved to create a center to...

The American Academy of Political and Social Science was founded in 1889. The organization was intended as a forum to synthesize and advance research on contemporary political, economic, social and policy issues.

Patent holder for "Haydite," a lightweight aggregate used in concrete.

The American Arbitration Association provides alternative dispute resolution and mediation services for individuals and organizations who wish to resolve conflicts out of court. Breuer relied on their services in resolving disputes with clients such as James Smith.

The American Architect was a periodical focusing on architecture and building published in the US during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The American Architect began publication in 1876 as The American Architect and Building News. It became the American Architect in 1909. Starting in 1921 it was known as The American Architect and the Architectural Review, for a serial it absorbed. It...


Connecticut-based brass manufacturer. The American Brass Co. was founded in 1899, through the consolidation of a number of smaller concerns, including the Ansonia Brass and Copper Company and Coe Brass Manufacturing. In 1922, the Anaconda Copper Mining Company acquired American Brass, although the company retained its name until 1960 when it became Anaconda American Brass. The Anaconda Company merged with Atlantic Richfield in 1977. American...

1928 - 1978

American magazine published between 1928 and 1978. The tile superseded the Garden and Home Builder. Both magazines focused on domestic architecture, interior design and garden design.

Manufacturer of prefabricated house framing materials. Breuer hoped they might collaborate on the production of his Plas-2-Point House.


Professional organization for architects. The AIA was founded on February 23, 1857 when 13 architects met in the office of Richard Upjohn. Upjohn would become the first president of the organization which would eventually spread beyond New York to become a national presence with chapters in many other cities. The AIA helped standardize the practice of architecture, through the provision of model contracts and fee schedules,...

Manufacturer of intercom communication systems. Breuer used their product in the offices of the Weintraub Agency.


Founded on October 6, 1876 during the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, the American Library Association was created to provide leadership for the development, promotion, and improvement of library and information services and the profession of librarianship in order to enhance learning and ensure access to information for all. Breuer's plans for the Grosse Pointe Public Library were exhibited at the association's conference in 1951.

Insurance company that provided policies for the William H. Porter Co., Inc., the proposed contractor for the Almy, Bigelow and Washburn department store.

American agents for N. V. Induventa, the company that licensed Breuer's furniture in Holland. American Revisa considered selling Breuer's aluminum furniture designs in the United States, but negotiations did not proceed beyond the initial exploratory phase.

The Standard Sanitary Manufacturing Company was founded in 1875. Standard Sanitary pioneered many of the plumbing product improvements introduced in the early part of this centurym including the one-piece toilet, built-in tubs, combination faucets (which mix hot and cold water to deliver tempered water) and tarnish-proof, corrosion-proof chrome finishes for brass fittings. By 1929, Standard had become the world's largest producer of bathroom fixtures. That same year,...

Supplier of carpets and ceiling coverings for projects like the Grosse Pointe Public Library and the Weintraub Agency offices.

Contractor for the Witalis House.

Textile manufacturer. Testa hoped his fabrics might be included in the House in the Museum Garden, but Breuer had already designed the interiors.

Manufacturers' agent for the eastern seaboard. L. Anton Maix, Inc. supplied linen for the offices of the Weintraub Agency.

Lighting subcontractor for the Weintraub Agency offices.

Manufacturer of sliding steel windows and sliding glass doors.

British architectural publication that published various Breuer projects including the House in the Museum Garden.

British architectural periodical that published Breuer and Yorke's designs for a Garden City of the Future.

British architecture publication, formerly known as Architectural Design and Construction.

1892 - 1974

American architectural magazine. It was published as the Brickbuilder from 1892 to 1916. The magazine changed its name to Architectural Forum in 1917 and absorbed the Architect's World in 1938. Publication continued until 1974, when the magazine folded.


Non-profit organization dedicated to programs, lectures and exhibitions on contemporary architecture. The League was founded on January 18, 1881 by a group of young architects led by Cass Gilbert. The League held annual exhibitions between 1886 and 1938 that showcased the best new work in architecture, sculpture, painting, crafts and landscape design and received national attention. Breuer became a member of the League in 1946....


American magazine focusing on architecture and interiors. It was first published in 1891 and absorbed American Architect and Architecture in 1938 and Western Architect and Engineer in 1962. The magazine published numerous Breuer projects including the Hans Faulkner Ski Lodge and the Robinson House.


British architectural publication founded in 1896. The magazine published various projects by Breuer including his plywood chairs and the Doldertal apartments.


French architectural publication. It was first published in 1930 and absorbed Architecture in 1977. The magazine published articles on numerous Breuer projects including the Ariston Club and the first of Breuer's houses in New Canaan, CT.

Supplier of radios and other electronics for projects like the Pack House and the first Stillman House.

Furniture manufacturer interested in producing Breuer's plywood nesting tables.

Supplier of asphalt tile used in the Grosse Pointe Public Library.

One of the three major commands within the United States to do the work of the War Department during World War II. The Army Service Forces took over tasks, such as procurement and supply, which supported military operations. It also handled soldiers' records and the construction and running of army hospitals and prisons.

Supplier of paint and stain for the House in the Museum Garden.

Supplier of metal furnishings for projects like the Grosse Pointe Public Library.


American art magazine founded in 1902.

Furniture company founded in Finland in 1935 by Alvar and Aino Aalto, along with Maire Gullichsen and Nils-Gustav Hal. Artek was founded with the goal "to sell furniture and to promote a modern culture of habitation by exhibitions and other educational means." In 1940, Artek partnered with Clifford Pascoe to manufacture and sell modern furniture in the United States. Their furniture storeroom in New York was...

Supplier of plywood and other lumber products. They hoped to supply the plywood for the House in the Museum Garden.

Supplier of home accessories for the first Geller House.

Venetian blind supplier who hoped to provide blinds for the Grosse Pointe Public Library.

1929 - 1967

California Arts and Architecture was formed in 1929 by a merger of Pacific Coast Architect and California Southland. California was dropped permanently from the cover and masthead in February of 1944 and folded in 1967. Breuer participated in a competition for post-war housing sponsored by the magazine in 1943. The magazine was also involved with the influential Case Study Houses program.

Supplier of fabrics for a number of Breuer's projects, including the Hooper House, the Clark House and the Grosse Pointe Public Library.

Manufacturer of noiseless heater - fan - dryer.

Photographer. The atelier photographed the interiors of the Piscator Apartment.

Manufacturer of accordion pleated window shade.

Brick and tile manufacturer. Breuer wrote to them with questions regarding cracks in cinder block construction.

Supplier of marble and slate for various projects, including the Weintraub Agency offices and the first Stillman House.

Schumann supplied glass storage containers for the Deutsche Werkbund section of the 1930 Paris exhibition organized by the Salon des Artistes Décorateurs.

Consulting engineer for Breuer's design of the exterior of the Abraham and Straus department store in Hempstead, NY.