Albers, Josef (1888 - 1976)

Josef Albers was born in Bottrop, a small town in the heavily industrial Ruhr region of Germany. He studied at the Royal Art School in Berlin and the Kunstgewerbeschule in Essen before enrolling at the Bauhaus in 1920. By 1922, he was running the glass workshop where he designed geometric assemblages in stained and sandblasted glass. He also designed furniture and other household objects. Walter Gropius, the director of the Bauhaus, invited Albers along with Breuer, Herbert Bayer, Joost Schmidt and Hinnerk Scheper – all former students – to join the faculty of the art school in 1925. He married Anni Albers in 1929. The couple emigrated to the United States in November of 1933 so that Josef could help develop the visual arts curriculum at Black Mountain College. They remained at Black Mountain until Josef became the chairman of the Department of Design at the Yale University School of Art in 1950. Josef was instrumental in commissioning Gropius and Breuer to design a campus for the College, though the outbreak of World War II meant that the buildings were never constructed.

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Josef Albers
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